From 29 October 2021
From 1933 onwards, when the NSDAP came to power, the reality of life changed dramatically, especially for those people who were considered deviant and abnormal according to Nazi ideology. With the help of the state authorities, they are systematically persecuted, deported and sometimes killed by the Nazis.
Nevertheless, 1933 did not represent a complete break with previous realities of life. Workers were also considered potential troublemakers and a possible threat to public safety. During the Weimar Republic, the bourgeoisie and state authorities viewed people from lower social classes with suspicion; with the help of welfare institutions, the police and the judiciary, attempts were made to discipline and control them.
Even before 1933, the Nazis targeted working-class milieus: on the one hand, workers were interesting as members and voters of the NSDAP; on the other, the Nazis feared the self-organized structures of the workers' movement and terrorized them with violence. Despite manifold resistance, the Nazis gradually succeeded in violently smashing the independent culture and structures of the workers' milieus from 1933 onward.
The temporary exhibition "Before Night Falls. Alltag, Strukturen und Bruchlinien im Arbeiter:innenmilieu bis 1933" (Everyday Life, Structures and Fracture Lines in the Workers' Milieu up to 1933) deals with the lifeworlds and everyday life of workers in Weimar-era Berlin: it illuminates practical living, cultural and political contexts on the "eve" of Hitler's appointment as Reich Chancellor. The exhibition also questions the role of the workers' movement and the way in which Nazis sought links to the lifeworlds of workers.
Funded by the Bezirkskulturfonds Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg with the support of the Verein zur Erforschung und Darstellung der Geschichte Kreuzbergs e.V. (Association for Research and Presentation of the History of Kreuzberg).
Opening: October 28, 2021, 7:00 pm